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Access to the Labour Market in Greece


You have the right to work in Greece if you are a recognised refugee, a beneficiary of subsidiary protection, or a fully-registered asylum seeker. You cannot be legally employed if you are only pre-registered.


What do I need to be legally employed in Greece?

  1. A tax registration number (AFM)
  2. A social security number (AMKA)
  3. A national insurance number
  4. Depending on the job you may need other permits (for example a health and safety permit)
  5. Depending on the job you may need a bank account

How do I get a tax registration number (AFM)?

You can get a tax number at a local tax office (‘Eforia’ or ‘DOY’). The competent local tax office is the one of your current residence. You can search for your local tax office here.

You need the following documents to apply for a tax number (AFM):

  1. A copy of your full-registration International Protection Applicant Card (‘white card’)
  2. Declaration of your current residence

How do I get a social security number (AMKA)?

You can apply for an AMKA in person at a Citizens’ Service Centre (KEP), an OAEE office, or an IKA office. You do not need an appointment but must apply in person and may have to wait about an hour to receive your AMKA number. The addresses of KEP, OAEE and IKA offices are on these websites:

You need the following documents to apply for an AMKA:

  1. Your full-registration International Protection Applicant Card (‘white card’) or your residence permit of you already have one
  2. Declaration of your current residence
  3. Some offices require you to have an AFM before you can get an AMKA

How do I get a National Insurance Number?

You can get a National Insurance Number at your local IKA office. After receiving your National Insurance Number, you must give it to your employer so that he/she can register you to work. You can search for your local IKA office here.

You need the following documents to apply for a National Insurance Number:

  1. A copy of your full-registration International Protection Applicant Card (‘white card’)
  2. Declaration of your current residence
  3. Tax Registration Number (AFM)
  4. Social Security Number (AMKA)

How do I prove my current residence?

If you live at the address written on your Full Registration Card then this is enough to prove your current residence. If you are unsure what address is written on your card, you should ask a Greek speaker to read it for you and check that it states the camp or location where you currently reside.

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If the address on your Full Registration Card does not state your current address, then you can:

  • either submit an application to the Greek Asylum Service which declares your current address and submit a request to change your former residence address. The application must be stamped by an Asylum Service Officer in order to be valid;
  • or (as applicable) provide an affidavit (including an attestation of the authenticity of your signature) confirming that you live at a specific address or in an organized camp.

If you are not the owner or tenant of your place of residence (for example, if you live in volunteer-provided accommodation), then you must also submit the income tax return of the owner or tenant and a document which proves their ownership of the property (for example the property contract or E9 paper from the tax office).

If you are the owner or tenant, you must submit the contract or lease agreement for the house, accompanied by your proof of ownership; this might be a copy of a utility bill or an E9 paper or other documentation available from Taxisnet (the online Greek tax statement system).


Are there any organisations that can help me with this?

If you need legal advice you can ask UNHCR or an NGO specialized on legal questions like for example the Greek Council for Refugees (GCR) or Solidarity Now.

It can be difficult to get an AMKA and AFM if you do not speak Greek. Therefore, if you are seeking employment you should get a Greek-speaker to help you and accompany you to the relevant offices.